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A designation of the European Union (EM country code) includes all countries that are Member States of the European Union. The following countries are members of the European Union: You can use the Madrid System if you have a personal or professional connection with one of the members of the System. This means that you must either have your place of residence, have an industrial or commercial branch, or be a citizen of one of the 123 countries covered by the 107 members of the Madrid system. Find out what users are saying about the Madrid System. As we approach the implementation of a multi-jurisdictional (or at least pan-European) Community trade mark (CD), the relevance of the Madrid system has been put to the test. Pressure on WIPO to maintain its relevance and strengthen the agreement by increasing membership, possibly through changes. This led to the introduction of the Madrid Protocol, according to which a Community trade mark registration could be a “foundation” or “house” registration, on which an international registration could then be established. This mechanism is called “link determination”. The Protocol was signed after considerable lobbying by WIPO from many countries, including most of the current members of the Madrid Agreement, and some countries that are members of the European Union but were not members of the Madrid Agreement. The Protocol entered into force on 1 December 1995 and entered into force on 1 April 1996. Algeria deposited its instrument of accession on 31 July 2015 and will accede to the Madrid Protocol on 31 October 2015.
As Algeria was the last member of the Madrid System to comply with the Protocol, it is now in force for the Madrid System as a whole.  Below is a list of member countries of the Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Marks, currently in force on November 26, 2019. Japan has revised its trademark law with the official recognition of the Nice Classification (an international system of classification of marks for goods and services) as well as applications covering services with service marks. The members of the European Community have amended their legislation to bring it into line with the European Community Harmonization Directive. In recent years, the trademark laws of several other countries such as Malaysia, New Zealand and South Africa have also been amended to reflect these changes. [Citation needed] European Community (ME): The European Community trade mark system covers the 27 members of the European Union. All EU countries (marked “MS” above) also have their own national trademark systems, so you have the choice of having your Madrid Protocol registration for the whole EU or just a few countries that were of particular interest to you. Note that Malta is not a member of the Madrid Protocol as such, but as it is a member of the EU, a registration in Madrid may cover Malta through the European Community trade mark system. OAPI (African Intellectual Property Organization): OAPI is the main organization that ensures the protection of intellectual property rights in most French-speaking African countries. OAPI includes: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Republic of Congo, Côte d`Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.
The Madrid Protocol applies to OAPI member countries from 5. March 2015. It should be noted that the seventeen members of OAPI are not individual members of the Madrid Protocol, so coverage in these countries is only possible by selecting the registration through OAPI and not through separate national registrations. The current members of the Madrid Association have functions both as the office of origin and as the office of a designated Contracting Party. Learn more about members` commitments as well as useful tools such as Madrid System statistics, model forms and regulations. Two recent important developments in international trademark law were the accession of the United States and the European Union to the Madrid Protocol on November 2, 2003 and October 1, 2004, respectively. With the inclusion of these jurisdictions in the Protocol, most major commercial jurisdictions have acceded to the Madrid System. Accession to the Madrid Union requires preparation. WIPO is at the disposal of potential Members to assist them in their preparations for accession to the Madrid Protocol. Learn more about the preparatory work required and access tools specifically designed to help new members through the membership process.
The WIPO two-letter country code is indicated before the country name. See below for explanations of the codes by country name (or click on the code) The Protocol has been in force since 1996 and has 100 members, making it more popular than the agreement, which has been in force for more than 110 years and has 55 members.  The main reason why the Protocol is more popular than the Agreement is that it introduced a number of amendments to the Madrid System, which has greatly increased its usefulness for trademark owners. The Madrid Union currently has 107 members covering 123 countries. These members account for more than 80% of global trade, with potential for expansion as membership grows. Accession to the Convention or Protocol includes accession to the “Madrid Union”. As of June 2019 [updated], there were 104 members from 120 countries. The original Treaty has 55 members, all of whom are equally parties to the Protocol (when Algeria acceded to the Madrid Protocol on October 31, 2015, all members of the Madrid Agreement were also members of the Madrid Protocol and many aspects of the Madrid Agreement no longer had practical effect). The term “Madrid Union” may be used to describe the legal systems that are parties to the Agreement or the Protocol (or both).  An updated list can be found here: europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries_en For example, under the Protocol, it is possible to obtain an international registration on the basis of a pending trademark application, so that a trademark owner can effectively apply for an international registration at the same time or immediately after filing an application in a member jurisdiction. In comparison, the agreement requires that the trademark owner already has an existing registration in a member jurisdiction, which can often take several months and sometimes years to obtain. In addition, the agreement does not provide for the possibility of “transforming” international registrations that have been “centrally attacked”.
The Madrid system accompanies you throughout the life cycle of your trademark, from registration to renewal. Use these guides to learn more about searching for existing marks before applying for protection, filing an international application, and managing the international registration of your trademark. International applications and subsequent designations pending In 1997, less than half a percent of international registrations were cancelled as a result of a central attack.  In 1966 and 1967, attempts were made to solve this problem by concluding a new treaty that would reflect the needs of the time rather than the world of the 1890s when the agreement was adopted. This led to the drafting of the Treaty on the Registration of Marks (TRT), which was adopted in Vienna in 1973 and entered into force in 1980 with five Contracting States, namely Burkina Faso, Congo, Gabon, the Soviet Union and Togo. In the absence of new accessions to the TRT and the small number of registrations since its inception, it was clear that the TRT was unlikely to replace the Madrid Agreement. .